Notice Board

Indian DGCA announces new guidelines for airlines from June 3

 

 

DGCA has announced a set of new rules for airlines to follow post 3rd June, 2020. All passengers will have to be provided with safety kits by airlines which will include a 3 layered surgical mask, face shield and sanitizers. Additionally, DGCA has said that the middle seats should ideally be kept vacant or the person sitting in the seat should be given a wrap around gown.

The DGCA has asked the airline companies to continue with the restriction on food and beverage facilities aboard flight except in conditions that will arise out of health emergencies. The DGCA has also advised airline companies to set the air conditioner on planes in such a manner that air gets replaced in the shortest possible interval of time.

On the issue of sanitization of planes and their facilities, the DGCA has asked airline operators to sanitize airlines’ lavatories at a frequent interval during a journey. The agency has asked companies to ensure proper sanitization of aircraft after the end of each flight day. On a connecting flight, the DGCA has asked operators to ensure proper sanitisation of seats that will be vacated at a connecting airport. Personalised equipment on board such as seat belts and other contact points should be given extra attention while sanitising the aircraft, the DGCA suggested further.

The DGCA has also asked airline companies to ensure order for the entry and exit of passengers so that they follow a sequential pattern while embarkation and disembarkation in and out of the aircraft and they avoid creating a rush at the gates that can compromise social distancing between passengers.

On the protection of airline crew and staff, the DGCA has asked airline companies to conduct regular checkups of their staffs and also provide protective equipment to them in order to protect them from coronavirus infection. Airline companies have also been asked to give proper attention in case there is a Covid-related emergency onboard. Affected and adjoining seats to be sanitized and the whole aircraft is to be disinfected.

====================================================================================

5 tips to cut out the negative thinking and be more optimistic

 

 

When the going gets tough, it’s time to turn to positive thinking and optimism in order to cope with stress, anxiety, and the lot. Optimism pays, especially when a long and healthy life is concerned. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

What’s the secret to a long and healthy life? If you’re inclined to say a balanced diet and exercise, then let us tell you that you’re almost there. Because while your food intake and activity levels do impact your quality of life, the secret to a health life lies with positive thinking. 

Believe it or not, optimism has a host of health benefits that you just cannot do without. In fact, from giving you better immunity and boosting your stress response—here’s how positive thinking can improve your health:

It can improve your coping abilities
Optimism can help you move past challenges, helping you approach them as changeable, external to yourself, and not self-defining.Focus on the abundance you already have first thing in the morning to cope with anything that goes wrong. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

It can boost your immunity
Positivity can help fight disease and boost your immune system. Who knew that staying happy can impact our physical health as well? Image courtesy: ShutterstockIn fact, optimism was found to be linked with a lower risk of dying from infections, such as respiratory disease.

It can help you deal with the covid-19 pandemic
Positive thinking decreases anxiety, helps you sleep better, and motivates you to do better—all things we need to cope with this uncertain covid-19 pandemic.

Now that you know optimism is good for you, here’s how you can inculcate it in your life

  1. Check-in with yourself
    Throughout the day, notice when a negative thought starts running through your head. Just noticing where your negativity tends to focus itself can help you identify opportunities for positivity.
  2. Stay active
    Regular physical activity helps reduce stress and anxiety, making it easier for you to see the bright side of any challenge. Try to get 30 minutes of exercise every day, and focus on a healthy diet that nourishes your mind and body.
  3. Meditate without fail
    Just 10 minutes of meditation every day can help you control stress, decrease anxiety, improve your health, and aid more positive self-talk.Mindfulness is another powerful tool to improve your mental and spiritual health. Meditation can truly become the vessel through which you experience peace and clarity. Image courtesy: Shutterstock.
  1. Surrounding yourself with positive people
    If you’ve got a close friend, co-worker or family member who tends to spread negativity, their pessimism could become contagious and raise your stress levels.So it is imperative that you try to surround yourself with people who are positive and supportive, and who you can trust to give helpful advice and feedback.
  1. Practice gratitude
    Gratitude can help reduce stress, improve heart health, and give you a better night’s sleep. Not to mention that wonderful sense of appreciation for the things and people that makes your life great!

To summarize, sometimes life throws you curveballs that aren’t easy to get through with a smile. Even though practicing positivity may not always be easy, it’s worth the effort for your health and longevity.

======================================================================================

SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule successfully docks with International Space Station

 

 

After a delay of a few days, SpaceX launched two astronauts to the International Space Station on May 30. The rocket ship designed and built by Elon Musk’s SpaceX lifted off on May 30 at 3:22 p.m (1.50 am Sunday in India) from Pad 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule into orbit. It is the same launch pad, that was used during the Apollo mission to the moon a half-century ago.

SpaceX’s Demo-2 mission docks with the International Space Station at 10:16 a.m. EDT (1430 GMT) around 15 minutes ahead of the schedule. The mission was initially supposed to be launched on May 27 but was delayed due to poor weather conditions at the last minute.

The mission ‘historic’ because this is the first-ever time that a private spacecraft company — Space X — used its own rocket to put humans into space. Both NASA and SpaceX urged eager viewers to stay at home and not to flock towards the Kennedy Space Center at any time due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.

The Falcon 9 rocket lifted off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center carrying SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule into orbit on May 30. President Donald Trump and Vice President Michael Pence were present to witness the historic launch.

It was a 19-hour journey for the two NASA astronauts, Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley, to the International Space Station. Both are supposed to be there for one and four months working.

The astronauts have named the commercial spacecraft after one of the retired winged orbiters — ‘Endeavour’. Both Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken revealed the name of the SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule at the time of the live broadcast from Earth orbit — early around 3.5 hours after lifting off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center.

“I know most of you, at SpaceX especially, know it as ‘Capsule 206,’ but I think all of us thought that maybe we could do a little bit better than that,” Hurley said during the live broadcast. “Without further ado, we would like to welcome you aboard capsule ‘Endeavour’,” he added.

Hurley explained that there are two reasons behind choosing the name Endeavour.

1) First reason why the crew chose the name Endeavour is “because of this incredible endeavor [that] NASA, SpaceX and the United States has been on since the end of the space shuttle program back in 2011,” Hurley said.

2) Stating the second reason he said, “we named it ‘Endeavour’ is a little more personal for Bob and I. We both had our first flights on shuttle Endeavour, and it just meant so much to us to carry on that name. So that is what we decided to go with.”

==============================================================================

5-step guide to help you quit smoking

 

 

It’s World No Tobacco Day, so we’ll let some numbers do the talking for us. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), consuming tobacco kills more than 7 million people each year. Out of which, over 6 million deaths are a result of direct consumption, whereas 890,000 are the result of passive smoking.

According to 2019 reports, there are 34.6% adults in India who consume tobacco out of which 20.3% are women. Aren’t these numbers starling? You must be thinking that we are trying to scare you and we will blatantly admit: YES, WE ARE. Because smoking kills and you know that. 

If you have been trying to quit but have been unsuccessful in your endeavours, then we are here to help you out. Flavoured cigarettes are foe to your lungs.

Presenting a five-step practical guide to quitting smoking that will help you get out of this habit, once and for all.

  1. Plan, plan, and plan
    Quitting smoking is not a one-day task. You need to chart a path for yourself that you can follow without wavering. Give yourself small targets and abide by them to the T. Also, avoid buying a pack of cigarettes because they will always be at your disposal. Reward yourself after achieving the target as it will keep you motivated and you’ll keep at it.
  1. Change your drinking habits
    If carbonated drinks, tea, and coffee are bae them you need to cut down on that as well. “There is no medical literature around this, but if usually people smoke while drinking tea and coffee, and this might tempt you to pick up that cigarette again,” says Dr Kate.Cola can give you smoking urges. 
  1. Chew gum to distract yourself
    “These are attention or mind diversion techniques that we suggest. Keepingelaichior chewing gum in mouth to keep the mouth busy is just a mental trick and frankly, it works. Also, people think that e-cigarettes or vapes are a better alternative but that’s not the case,” explains Dr Kate.
  2. Take help of your well-wishers
    Family support is a must! According to Dr Kate, you should get your family and friends to motivate you to quit. “We also counsel families that if they want better results then they must keep the environment positive. Even if the person has taken a few drags then he shouldn’t be made feel guilty about it,” suggests Dr Kate. A supportive family can help you get rid of this awful habit.
  1. Clean your house
    “It is another neat trick of mind diversion technique. You should thoroughly clean your entire home and remove cigarette packs, ashtrays, etc. This way there is nothing at home that triggers your habit”, says Dr Kate. It’s a two to three months process so you need to be patient,” adds Dr Kate.  

Sadly, according to a survey conducted last year by Aviss Foundation, a whopping 53% of smokers belong to the age group of 20 to 30 years. And more than 50% of people consider that smoking helps them beat stress; but trust us when we say that it might trigger more health hazards than relieving you.

Still not convinced? Then learn what the health agency of the European Union has to say about people who smoke. Their report suggests that smoking can make people more susceptible to serious complications from a covid-19 infection.  

Yes, that’s correct! So, just go with these tips and make a pact with a healthy life.

==================================================================================

Know how you can use coconut oil as an all-in-one beauty product

 

 

Almost every Indian household keeps this magical ingredient in a little bottle, and uses it from time to time. Coconut oil is really the one-stop-shop and the go-to item for almost all kinds of things. It is used in cooking, in skincare, in hair care, to maintain the overall health of a person, and so on.

If you have this oil at home, you do not have to worry about the changing seasons. You can apply it any time of the day, under any kind of weather, because it is an all-in-one beauty product. Which means, you do not need an army of many different products and cosmetics. Here’s how you can use the oil to its full potential, besides for cooking.

* Use the oil before and after shaving. In lockdown, people are avoiding going to the salons, and are instead trying out different beauty DIYs at home. As such, it becomes important to know how you can simplify the process. When it comes to hair removal, shaving is considered to be an easy option. But just a little application of coconut oil both before and after can do wonders for the skin. It has some moisturizing properties that can make the skin feel smooth.

* Coconut oil is also believed to be great for oil pulling. Wondering what that is? Oil pulling is a simple process of cleaning the bad bacteria in the mouth. You can start your day by pulling oil. Use one teaspoon of coconut oil for this process. Pull for at least 10 minutes and then rinse with water.

* And of course, coconut oil is great for the hair, too. Massaging your roots and scalp at least twice a week, and then washing it off with water promises to strengthen your locks, and how. If you are suffering from hair fall, it is likely because of the loss of protein. This oil is believed to replenish the protein and leave you with healthy tresses. Keep the oil on for at least one hour before you wash it off with mild shampoo.

* And finally, coconut oil is great for the face. It can moisturize the skin, give it a natural glow, prevent wrinkles and premature aging. You can apply it on the face just after you have stepped out of a bath. Alternatively, you can even wear it to bed. It is believed to increase the production of collagen, which helps the skin maintain its firmness and elasticity.

=========================================================================

India declares Unlock 1: Activities to be allowed in Phases I, II and III

 

 

A day before the end of the fourth phase of lockdown, the home ministry on Saturday issued new guidelines for the phased reopening of all activities outside containment zones till June 30.

Phase I: MHA said that activities to be allowed with effect from June 8, 2020, in Phase I include -- religious places/places of worship for the public, hotels, restaurants, and other hospitality services and shopping malls.

The health ministry will issue Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for these activities in consultation with the central ministries/departments concerned and other stakeholders ensuring social distancing and to contain the spread of COVID-19.

Phase II: Schools, colleges, educational/ training/ coaching institutions etc will be opened after consultations with states and union territories. The MHA said that state governments/UT administrations may hold consultations at the institution level with parents and other stakeholders.

'Based on the feedback, a decision on the re-opening of these institutions will be taken in the month of July 2020,' it said.

The MHA said the Health Ministry will prepare SOP in this regard in consultation with the central ministries/ departments concerned and other stakeholders for ensuring social distancing and to contain the spread of COVID-19.

Phase III: Based on the assessment of the situation, dates for re-starting some other activities will be decided which include 'international air travel of passengers, except as permitted by MHA'.

The other activities for Phase III, based on the assessment of the situation, include metro rail, cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres, bars and auditoriums, assembly halls, and similar places and 'social/ political/ sports/ entertainment/ academic/ cultural/ religious functions and other large congregations', the MHA said.

Restrictions that will continue:

Night curfew movement of individuals has been redefined and shall remain strictly prohibited between 9 pm to 5 am.

Home Secretary Ajay Bhalla issued an order concerning phase-wise re-opening of prohibited activities.

'Whereas, in the exercise of the powers under section 6(2)(i) of the Disaster Management Act, 2005, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has directed the undersigned to issue an order to extend the lockdown in containment zones up to June 30, 2020, and to re-open prohibited activities in a phased manner in areas outside containment zones,' the order said.

'Now, therefore, in the exercise of the powers, conferred under Section 10(2)(1) of the Disaster Management Act 2005, the undersigned hereby directs that guidelines as annexed, will remain in force up to June 30, 2020,' it added.

List of instructions by Union home ministry:

Following instructions have been issued as national directives for COVID-19 management:

* Face covering: Wearing of face cover is compulsory in public places, in workplace and during transport.

* Social distancing: Individuals must maintain a minimum distance of 6 feet (do gaz ki doori) in public places. Shops will ensure physical distancing among customers and will not allow more than five people at one time.

* Gatherings: Large public gatherings or congregations continue to remain prohibited. Marriage related gatherings: Number of guests not to exceed 50. Funeral or last rites related gatherings: Number of persons not to exceed 20.

* Spitting in public places will be punishable with fine, as may be prescribed by the states or UT or local authority in accordance with its laws, rules or regulations.

* Consumption of liquor, paangutka, tobacco etc. in public places is prohibited.

Additional directives for work places:

* As far as possible the practice of Work from home (WfH) should be followed.

* Staggering of work or business hours will be followed in offices, work places, shops, markets and industrial and commercial establishments.

* Screening and hygiene: Provision for thermal scanning, hand wash and sanitizers will be made at all entry and exit points and common areas. Frequent sanitisation of entire workplace, common facilities and all points which come into human contact like door handles will be ensured, including between shifts.

* Social distancing: All persons in charge of work places will ensure adequate distance between workers, adequate gaps between shifts, staggering the lunch breaks of staffers, etc.

===================================================================================

Visit visa can be renewed online upto August 31 at MOI website

 

 

Fights to many countries are still non operational because of  coronavirus crisis, Any expatriate who has entered Kuwait on visit visa of all kinds (Commercial, Tourism, Family) can be extended as per Article 14 until August 31 online.

If your Visit visa is ending on May 31 st , you can visit Ministry of Interior Website  ( https://moi.gov.kw/main/ ) and renew it by paying fee of 1 KD per month.

Earlier the Ministry of Interior had extended the visit visa automatically until May 31, which falls on Sunday.

==================================================================================

SpaceX rocket ship blasts off into orbit with NASA astronauts

 

 

A rocket ship built by Elon Musk's SpaceX company on Saturday successfully blasted off with two NASA astronauts into orbit from the US state of Florida on their way to the International Space Station, marking the dawn of a new age in commercial space travel.

The blast off from Kennedy Space Center in Florida also assumes significance as it marks the launch of humans into orbit from US soil for the first time in nearly a decade.

The SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft, carrying NASA astronauts Bob Behnken (49) and Doug Hurley (53), lifted off at 3:22 pm EDT Saturday atop the company's Falcon 9 rocket from Launch Complex 39A at NASA's Kennedy Space Center.

With the liftoff, SpaceX became the first private company to launch people into orbit, a feat achieved previously by only three governments: the United States, Russia and China.

The reusable, gumdrop-shaped capsule called Crew Dragon, would now take the two American astronauts to a 19-hour journey to the International Space Station.

The spacecraft is scheduled to dock with the ISS at 10:29 am EDT on Sunday.

The successful launch, which was postponed early this week due to inclement weather, gave Americans something to cheer about as in the last three months they have lost over 100,000 of their countrymen due to the coronavirus that has brought the country's economy to its knee.

Known as NASA's SpaceX Demo-2, the mission is an end-to-end test flight to validate the SpaceX crew transportation system, including launch, in-orbit, docking and landing operations. This is SpaceX's second spaceflight test of its Crew Dragon and its first test with astronauts aboard, which will pave the way for its certification for regular crew flights to the station as part of NASA's Commercial Crew Programme.

After successfully docking, the crew will be welcomed aboard the International Space Station, where they will become members of the Expedition 63 crew, which currently includes NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy.

==================================================================================

Donald Trump postpones G7 summit, wants India, others to join group

 

 

US President Donald Trump said on Saturday he would postpone a Group of Seven summit he had hoped to hold next month until September or later and expand the list of invitees to include Australia, Russia, South Korea and India.

Speaking to reporters on Air Force One during his return to Washington from Cape Canaveral in Florida, Trump said the G7, whose members are the world’s most advanced economies, was a “very outdated group of countries” in its current format.

“I’m postponing it because I don’t feel that as a G7 it properly represents what’s going on in the world,” Trump said. It was unclear whether Trump’s desire to invite the additional countries was an effort to permanently expand the G7.

On several previous occasions, he suggested Russia be added given what he described as Moscow’s global strategic importance. White House spokeswoman Alyssa Farah said Trump wants the countries to discuss China at the summit.

Trump has attacked Beijing over its handling of the coronavirus pandemic, which began in China, and on Friday he ordered his administration to begin the process of ending special U.S. treatment for Hong Kong in retaliation for China’s decision to impose a new security law on the former British colony.

The decision to postpone the G7 summit is a retreat for Trump, who had sought to host the group of major industrialized countries in Washington as a demonstration that the United States was returning to normal after the coronavirus epidemic, which has killed more than 103,000 Americans to date.

Trump had canceled an in-person G7 meeting that was scheduled for March as the virus spread, but had recently sought to revive it.

French President Emmanuel Macron backed the idea of an in-person meeting, according to the White House, but Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau declined to endorse it, saying there were too many health-related questions. German Chancellor Angela Merkel said earlier this week she could not attend.

The G7 is made up of the United States, Britain, France, Japan, Germany, Italy and Canada, and the European Union also attends.

=========================================================================

Video of narrow Himachal road captures the treacherous road that’s definitely not meant for the fainthearted

 

 

“Difficult road often leads to beautiful destinations,” says a tweet going viral. It shows a narrow meandering road in Himachal Pradesh which seems far too scary for just anyone to cross. Yet, the video not only captures the treacherous road that’s definitely not meant for the fainthearted, it also showcases the stunning beauty of the areas. Chances are this video will you leave you feeling confused - watching the tapering path may make you feel uncomfortable, yet the scenic beauty of the area may make you miss your last holiday to the hills.

The video has been tweeted by Ankur Rapria, IRS earlier today. “Incredible India,” he tweeted, adding that the video was recorded near Sach Pass, Chamba. “Not a regular road, covered with snow for 8-9 months,” he wrote in his tweet further.

The recording shows glimpses of the hills, a snow-covered valley and even a waterfall on the road.

Rapria mentioned in the comments section that the video was recorded in July 2019 by him while his friend drove. And in case it wasn’t already clear, the video was recorded from inside a car. We’ll let you imagine a car driving on that road while you watch this video.

The stunning capture has caught the attention of many. Since being shared, the clip has collected over 2,400 likes and nearly 600 shares - and counting. “Terrifying”, “jaw-dropping”, “adventurous” are just some of the words tweeple have used to describe the video.

“This is terrifying. But Himachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful and mesmerising place in India,” comments a Twitter user. “A road not for the faint hearted,” writes another. “Wow, really adventurous but too scary at the same time,” adds a third. “Drove on these kind of roads on the way to Spiti and beyond. It was an experience of a lifetime. Would be chanting under my breath for dear life!” says a fourth sharing their own experience.

=========================================================================

Method to recover your stolen WhatsApp account

 

 

WhatApp is a popular messaging app. Not only is it loved by its 2 billion users, but it’s also well liked by hackers and malicious actors who aim to spread misinformation or, worse, gain access to users accounts. WhatsApp uses a strong end-to-end encryption technology to ensure that contents of users’ chats remain safe. While that keeps the data safe, it doesn’t ensure that malicious actors cannot gain access to users’ WhatsApp accounts.

In the past week, we saw hackers using a clever technique for gaining access to users’ accounts. They disguised themselves as members from WhatsApp’s technical team and asked the victim to share their six-digit verification code in order to verify their identities. To recall, the six-digit verification code is used for verifying accounts in WhatsApp at the time of registration.

This means if a user provides this code to the hacker, they would no longer be able to use their WhatsApp accounts. While the user who highlighted this scam in a query to WABetaInfo didn’t share the verification code with the hacker, someone else might. So what do you do? How do you recover your WhatsApp account?

Thankfully, WhatsApp has an answer to this question. The company has a FAQ page dedicated to the method users can use to recover their stolen accounts. Here’s what you need to do:

Step 1: Sign into WhatsApp with your phone number.

Step 2: Verify your phone number by entering the 6-digit code you receive via SMS. Once you do so, the hacker will automatically be logged out of your account.

Step 3: If you have enabled two-step verification in your account, you will be asked to enter the code. Enter the code and you’re good to go.

Step 4: If you don't know this code, WhatsApp cautions that the individual using your account might have enabled two-step verification. In this case, you will have to wait for 7 days to sign in your account.

Good news is that, while you may not be able to access your account, the hacker won’t be able to do so either, which in turn would ensure the safety of your account. “Regardless of whether you know this verification code, the other individual was logged out of your account once you entered the 6-digit SMS code,” WhatsApp wrote in its FAQ page.

=============================================================================

10 Facts you should know to get into the IIT

The Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) is considered to be the best technical education institutes in India.

Over the years, IITs have evolved and have secured international recognition for its immense contribution to the global workforce. It attracts the finest of talent for its flagship (B.Tech) undergraduate programmes.Every year 10 to 12 lakh students aspire to study in their dream IIT.

Aspirants go through a gruelling selection process before getting into their dream college. This year due to the global pandemic posed by COVID-19 and subsequent national lockdown in our country, the most coveted entrance exam & gateway to the IITs, the JEE Advanced has been postponed, and will now be held on August 23, 2020.

Hence students have got an extended preparatory time. Aspirants are completely into preparatory mode at the moment. In fact their focus on JEE Advanced exam is so high that they rarely get an opportunity to look at various other aspects associated with their dream college which otherwise can enable them to strategize their preparation effectively.

In the absence of clear understanding of important facts, coupled with several myths, most often the journey to IIT becomes challenging.

So, let us look at few top things that every aspirant must know apart from cracking JEE. Some of the points may redefine the way students are looking forward to crack JEE Advanced, may end up making some strategic shifts so as to be successful in their endeavour.

Students who are expected to score well in board exam (say 92%) will get a good rank in JEE Advanced too, since the syllabus of JEE and CBSE (class XI / XII) is almost same. Is that true?

No. A good score in board exam will have no bearing in JEE Advanced rank, as both exams are different even though the syllabus is same.

Board exam evaluates a student in absolute terms; as there is no limitation on the number of students who can pass the exam, so logically all students appearing in the exam can qualify whereas JEE Advanced is a competitive exam, it selects only few students out of all the aspirants, hence it evaluates in relative terms, which means the performance of a student is assessed with respect to other students and the best are selected.

So on a given day, a student has to perform better than others to get selected, even a very high score may not guarantee selection as others might have scored better.

JEE Advanced is a conceptual based paper, designed to test a student’s comprehension, reasoning and logical and analytical thinking.

Questions asked are application based and requires deep thinking. So even if a student has prepared well for board exam, but lacks application of learned concepts, they will find it extremely difficult to solve JEE Advanced questions.

In a board exam, a student can even earn marks partially depending upon how much they have written (due to step marking) even if they are not aware of the complete solution whereas in JEE Advanced one can either earn or lose marks if they attempt or at best can leave a question to prevent negative marks

.2. What is the right time to start preparation for JEE?

An early start is desirable as time is the most precious thing. More the time devoted better it is.

The quantum of effort gets distributed over a period of time. The progress is gradual and smooth. The skills required to be successful can be developed and nurtured over a long duration. So students are under less pressure. They would have greater bandwidth to pursue on extra-curricular activities which helps in development of other important skills and overall personality. 

Although there is no thumb rule on the right time to start but it largely depends on the student’s potential and their set goal. It is recommended that the moment a student decides to take up engineering as a career irrespective in which class they decide, they should immediately start their preparatory journey without wasting further time.

As a result students would be passionate about their academic journey which will in turn help to improve the quality of daily efforts; focus will be on learning & ways to improve various skills. Students will start optimising their resources, time and avoid distractions.

Studying lot of books or solving many questions, are these compulsory to get a good rank in JEE Advanced?

Referring too many books from different sources could be counter-productive.

Every author as its own style of writing and presenting things, so by referring to different books, it may add to confusion which could eventually lead to wastage of valuable time. So it is suggested that students should refer to books from a single source; the level of books should be as per the students learning capability so that there is no level mismatch hence students must seeks experts help.

Most often it is seen that a student start solving very difficult questions from multiple sources thinking that it will help them to become better. In the process they end up solving non-relevant questions which are generally not asked in the exam. Valuable time is also lost. So, solving relevant questions is extremely important. So one must subscribe to a good all India level test series, where they would get relevant test papers prepared by experts administered in a simulated testing environment.

It's a myth that to qualify JEE Advanced, a student has to score very high marks

The common belief amongst engineering aspirants is that one has to score very high marks in JEE Advanced. Moreover it is an extremely tough exam. So, one should be extremely talented in order to qualify. But, in reality it is not a tough exam and you do not need to score high marks.

JEE Advanced is highly competitive exam, around 2.5 lakhs students compete who are shortlisted from 10-12 Lakh students through JEE Main. So, the level of competition makes it really difficult for the students to feature in the common merit All India Rank list.

If we look at the cut-off i.e. the minimum marks required to feature in the All India Rank list, you will be astonished to know that the cut-off marks percentage is just around 30%, which is less than even a school exam. So JEE Advanced is a low scoring exam.

Excellent opportunity for girl students to study in an IIT

As a part of empowering girl child initiative, IITs are now encouraging girl students to choose engineering career.

The government and the IIT council have taken several measures in the last few years to increase the number of girl students opting to join IIT for pursuing technical education.

One of the first step was to introduce seat reservation for girl students.

As per the latest guidelines, 17% seats are now reserved for girl students in every branch of engineering.

Apart from that, the entry criteria for girls students has been relaxed substantially. In fact it is now a lot easier for a girl student to get their desired branch of engineering at a lower rank compared to general category students.

Eligibility: 75% marks in Class XII board exam and/or in top 20 percentile in your board

The general perception among students is 75% marks in aggregate in class XII board exam along with JEE Advanced rank will make them eligible for admission into the IITs.

Well, 75% marks can make them eligible but it will also depend upon the board exam marks of other students who have qualified JEE Advanced.

There could be an instance wherein a student securing 75% marks may not feature within top 20 percentile in their board, which may impact the admission process. So students should try to score as much as possible in their board exam.

Total intake is around 14,000 students as per Common Merit List (CML)

The total intake of students through JEE Advanced across 23 IITs is around 14,000.

There are 50+engineering programmes being offered at the IITs

At one point, there used to be core 6-8 branches of engineering.

Today, several emerging fields of technology have opened up.

A wide variety of branches/sub branches and specific field of study have led to the introduction of several new and innovative fields of technical education at the IITs. So, the total number of engineering programmes are more than 50.

Dual degrees option, 5 year integrated programmes

IITs offer dual degrees, which are essentially 5 year integrated programmes on several new and interesting fields of technology.

The degrees offered are mostly integrated MTech. These integrated programmes helps a student to save 1 year of education as conventional BTech (4 years) + MTech ( 2 years) is equal to 6 years of education.

10 Lateral branch shift

There is a provision wherein a student can shift to a different engineering branch after the second semester based on their academic performance i.e. CGPA score.

Every IIT would have its own criteria for allowing students to change their branch. So, a student should refer to the guidelines thoroughly before considering to apply for branch shift. 

==========================================================================

US has terminated its relationship with the World Health Organisation

 

 

Accusing the World Health Organisation (WHO) of being “totally controlled” by China, where the first case of the novel coronavirus emerged, US President Donald Trump late Friday announced the country will permanently “terminate” its relationship with the organisation and will redirect funds from the WHO to other organisations.

The US President also said he is directing his administration to begin the process of eliminating policy exemptions that give Hong Kong different and special treatment, citing the Chinese parliament’s advancement of national security legislation for Hong Kong, which democracy activists and Western countries fear could erode the city’s freedoms.

Trump’s statement comes a week after he threatened to permanently halt funding for the World Health Organization (WHO) if it did not commit to improvements within 30 days, and to reconsider the membership of the United States in the body.

Trump had suspended US contributions to the WHO last month, accusing it of promoting China’s “disinformation” about the coronavirus outbreak, although WHO officials denied the accusation and China said it was transparent and open.

=========================================================================

Kerala on ‘brink of community spread’ as cases spike

 

 

Kerala, which had flattened the Covid-19 curve in the previous two bouts, is on the brink of community spread with a steady spike in cases in the last 20 days, mainly due to the return of people from Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.

Kerala on Thursday reported 84 fresh Covid-19 cases, taking the total to 1,088. The number of positive cases has more than doubled over the last 20 days in the state, which had reported only 503 cases for 100 days from January 30 to May 8.

After the review meeting, Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan told media that the state is on the brink of community outbreak of infection. “At this stage, we cannot say that there is community spread of Covid-19 in Kerala. But, we are on the brink of community spread. The number of positive cases has gone up. But, most of them are from outside and infected through contacts in Kerala. That is a positive sign that we can still contain the spread of infection,’’ he said, adding that all cases with cold and flu would be subjected to Covid-19 test.

The data on daily cases over the last one week shows more people coming from other states are testing positive in Kerala than those coming from abroad.

Health department officials said there was hope because positivity rate is low. Of the 10,000 persons who came to Kerala from abroad by flights and ships till May 26, only 1% have tested positive. Nine out of 1,000 persons who returned from Maharashtra have tested positive and the figure for Tamil Nadu returnees is 3 out of 1,000, sources said.

The state has also ramped up daily testing, which is also being cited as a reason for identifying more asymptomatic carriers of the virus. Till May 2, the state had only tested 31,183 samples as part of regular daily testing, to save test kits for emergency situation. But on May 28, the total tests in Kerala jumped to 60,685, which shows that 49% of the testing happened in the last 26 days.

Apart from above, 8,599 samples were taken from groups like healthcare workers, persons with high social exposure, workers etc. as part of Sentinel surveillance, of which 6 samples tested positive. As many as 8,174 samples tested negative, while result of 419 are awaited. What worries officials is the steady rise in cases of patients who got infected as primary or secondary contacts of persons with travel history.

“Cases from contact transmission is being regularly reported from Palakkad, a gateway to Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, after curbs were eased. Tests are being ramped up with an assumption that there is a community spread lurking in the state,’’ sources said.

===========================================================================

Health minister outlines five phase plan to return back to normal life

 

 

Kuwait Minister of Health Dr. Sheikh Bassel Al-Sabah gave details of a five-phase plan for a gradual return to normal life, brought to a standstill by the novel coronavirus, starting with easing of curfew but locking down virus-hit areas.

Addressing an online news conference, Sheikh Bassel said the phases would begin on Sunday, May 31, and each would last for three weeks. He said health authorities would give the go-ahead to move to the 2nd phase if the assessment of the first phase was positive. However, if the health situation was not satisfactory, the phase could extend.

“If indicators are positive we move to the next phase. If no indicators are safe in any phase, we will remain in the current phase for a longer time or go back to the previous phase,” he said. The first phase, he explained, included partial curfew coupled with a lockdown on Farwaniya, Khaitan and Hawally areas because they saw surge in cases.

Sheikh Bassel said activities to resume in first phase included home deliveries of restaurants, telecommunication companies, food retailers, companies’ transportation of employees, gas stations, private clinics and car workshops. The second phase will see the curfew shortens to be between 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., said Sheikh Bassel.

In this phase, he said, workforce in government and private sectors should be less than 30 percent, in addition to resumption of constructions, banking sector, malls opening for eight hours and according to special instructions, parks and pickups from restaurants. Sheikh Bassel said the third phase would see an end of curfew, and health authorities would be assessing situation of areas under lockdown. He said phase three would see increase of workforce to less than 50 percent.

He added visits for social care homes would be allowed, reopening of hotels, resorts and hotel apartments. Taxis will be allowed to operate with only one passenger, and Mosques would be allowed to perform Friday prayers.

Phase four, said the Minister of health, would see an increase in workforce, restaurants would be receiving customers but with restrictions, and public transportation resumed but with distancing. Sheikh Bassel said all activities would resume in phase five, government and private sector returned to normal, families could gather, weddings and graduation ceremonies, health clubs and gyms to reopen, as well as cinemas and theaters. Sheikh Bassel said success of phases depended on compliance with health instructions, like two-meter physical distancing, covering mouth and nose, hand wash and stay home.

He urged the public to be extra careful with senior citizens who suffered from chronic diseases. “Failure to comply with these instructions could cause a setback and we go back to the previous step,” he warned. There will not be a normal life without a vaccine or a drug, he said. Sheikh Bassel addressed a message to all people in Kuwait: “Cooperate, optimism and not let down.”

==========================================================================

Proposal submitted to limit number of expats in the country with nationality wise quota-15% for Indians

 

 

Parliamentarian Dr. Badr Al-Mulla presented a proposal to the parliament regarding the demographics, pointing out that the demographics imbalances are among the problems that Kuwait has suffered in recent years.

The parliamentarian said that it was found that that expats residing in overcrowded areas without health requirements, which clearly contributed to the spread of the epidemic, which enforced total lock-down in some areas.

The proposal suggested that a law to be established that sets the maximum percentage of foreign nationalities in relation to the total number of citizens, and prohibits the recruitment of any person from this nationalities to work in the event that the number of its community exceeds the number of citizens, daily added.

As per the proposal, quota will be assigned for each nationality proportionate to the total number of Kuwaiti citizen. Indians will be allotted 15% of the total Kuwaiti population while the number of Philippines, Egyptians and Sri Lankan's will be limited to 10% of the Kuwaiti population. Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Vietnam citizen will be limited to 5% of the Kuwaiti population.

========================================================================

Locust cloud over 15 districts in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh

 

 

Grappling with the Covid-19 outbreak, the country is faced with a formidable new challenge – “active swarms of immature locust” that have now reached 15 districts of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.

According to the Locust Warning Organisation (LWO), which monitors locust swarms, there is no immediate danger of the swarms heading towards Delhi.

In a statement, the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare said on Wednesday, “As of today, there are active swarms of immature locust in Barmer, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Bikaner, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Sikar, Jaipur districts in Rajasthan and Satna, Gwalior, Seedhi, Rajgarh, Baitul, Devas, Agar Malwa district of Madhya Pradesh.”

The statement said that “since 11th April 2020, locust hoppers and from 30th April, 2020, the incursion of pink immature adults has been reported in bordering districts of Rajasthan and Punjab, which are being controlled.”

The Department of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare has stepped up locust control operations in Rajasthan, Punjab, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh, the Ministry said.

“At present 200 Locust Circle Offices (LCO) are conducting survey & control operations in close coordination with district administration and agriculture field machinery of the affected states… In Rajasthan 21 districts, in Madhya Pradesh 18 districts, in Punjab one district and in Gujarat 2 districts have undertaken locust control till now,” it said.

Citing the Food and Agriculture Organisation’s Locust Status Update of May 21, the Ministry said: “New swarms will migrate to the summer breeding areas along both sides of the Indo-Pakistan border as well as to Sudan and West Africa. As vegetation dries out, more groups and swarms will form and move from these areas to the summer breeding areas along both sides of the Indo-Pakistan border.

“Good rains are predicted during the first half of June along the Indo-Pakistan border that would allow egg-laying to occur.”

The Ministry said that temporary locust control camps had been established in Ajmer, Chittorgarh, and Dausa in Rajasthan, Mandsaur, Ujjain, and Shivpuri in Madhya Pradesh, and Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh. “There is no report of crop damage due to locust attack in Rajasthan, MP & Gujarat,” the Ministry said.

The Centre has, meanwhile, approved assistance of Rs 68.65 crore for Rajasthan to fight the pests.

Sources said the assistance from the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) in the wake of “pest (locust) attack” during 2019-20, was approved by the High Level Committee headed by Home Minister Amit Shah on May 15. An order was issued on May 23, asking the Department of Expenditure to release the assistance to the Rajasthan government.

Earlier this month, as locusts threatened the region, India had reached out to both Pakistan and Iran. India had suggested to Pakistan that the two countries should coordinate locust control operations along the border, and had offered to facilitate the supply of the pesticide malathion to Pakistan.

==================================================================================

India Kuwait undertake mega evacuation plan under ‘Vande Bharat Mission’, Indian NRI lauds efforts

India Kuwait undertake mega evacuation plan under ‘Vande Bharat Mission’, Indian NRI lauds efforts

- Article Published in hindmorcha.in 

vandebharatAt the time of this grave health crisis that has hit the international community with COVID 19, India and Kuwait have come together to fight the pandemic and evolve strategies to contain the virus and save the mankind.

India and Kuwait are jointly working to fight the virus and recently New Delhi had send a high level medical team of specialist doctors and paramedic staff to help Kuwait fight the virus. Both nations later joined hands for the NAM summit called by Prime Minister Modi for greater cooperation among non-align nation countries.

Kuwait is working closely with the India government to implement its massive evacuation plan to help Indian expat who are willing to return to India in view the pandemic and the extraordinary situation prevailing in the world Senior most NRI and former Chairman of India Business Council, Kuwait Surender K Wadhawan welcomed the initiative and expressed the community heartiest gratitude to the Kuwait leaders led by the Amir Sheikh Sabah al Ahmad Sabah for initiating extraordinary measures to contain the pandemic in the world.

SKwada2

He said the way the Kuwait Government and the ministers, health workers, police officials and volunteers have engaged in the fight against corona pandemic is a matter of deep appreciation. “ The government is taking full care of the welfare of the expatriates”While expressing deep thank to the benevolent gesture of the Kuwaiti government to grant general amnesty to expatriates, Wadhawan said that the government is offering free passage and free airfare to their home countries.

The Indian businessman also lauded the role of Indian government for the historic decision to evacuate stranded Indian from across the world describing it as historic and unprecedented.

Wadhawan said the Indian government decision to depute high level medical team of specialist to Kuwait has given a fresh boost to the centuries old relation between India and Kuwait which has withstood the test of time.

At this time of health crisis Wadhawan complimented the Indian Ambassador in Kuwait Excellency Jeev Sagar who has led the community from the front not only by organising the humanitarian help but also attending to their various problem and issues personally.

alnajem

“I salute the Indian Embassy officials in Kuwait for their exemplary work im evacuating distressed Indian citizen as a part of mega evacuation plan “Vande Bharat” mission.” he pointed outIndian constitute the biggest expatriate population in Kuwait and are now over a million who are referred by Kuwaiti as partner in progress.

It may be recalled that Kuwait Ambassador to India Jassem al Najem has lately stated that no credence should be given to a report circulating across non-official social media handles in Kuwaiti with reference to the relationship between Kuwait and India.

Ambassador Jassem said “Kuwait is deeply committed to friendly relations with India. We do not support any interference in the internal affairs of India.”He lauded the relations between India and Kuwait and said the historic relations between the two countries always seek to development them in wider economic and political domains

The Kuwait ambassador had also deeply appreciated the decision of Indian government to provide full assistance to Kuwaiti nationals who were stranded during the lockdown in India and facilitated their return back home.

 

AI

****************

Tips to extend the battery life of your Android phone

 

 

Smartphones have made our lives easier in many ways, thus making us more and more dependable on it. Saving the battery life of our mobile phone is of the utmost priority especially when you are outside and cannot charge your phone for an extended period of time. Today, we are sharing some tips with you which will improve the battery life of your Android phone smartphone. The good bit is, tips can be tried by everyone.

Turn the GPS location off

GPS takes up a lot of power. While some apps need the location access to help you serve better, keeping it on at all times ends in speedy loss of battery. You can turn on the GPS when you really need and keep it off otherwise. You need to go to Settings > Location and turn off the ‘Location Service’. Some Android phones also provide you with an option to turn off GPS and rely on mobile network or Wi-Fi or Bluetooth to determine location, which saves battery. You can also find the Location or GPS option in the quick access notification panel.

Turn on the Dark Mode

Nowadays, most of the Android devices come with Dark Mode option that applies dark theme across the user interface. If your phone has an OLED screen, it will help you preserve battery. Since OLED panels don’t need a backlight, it produces rich blacks by turning off individual pixels. So, applying a dark theme will minimise the power used to lit up your phone screen, thus saving battery power. You also need to turn on Dark Theme on all the supported apps and while you are at it, use a darker background— preferably all black to save more energy.

Limit apps running in the background

We are habitual of exiting apps either by tapping on the home button or by swiping up from the bottom. It leaves the application running in the background. First, you need to exit the application properly or clear it from the recent items. Secondly, you need to restrict some apps from running in the background. For this, go to Settings > Apps and select an application. Now go to the Power Saver or Battery option and select “Don’t Run in Background”.

Get rid of battery killers

At times, some apps suffer from bugs and other issues causing them to malfunction and drain the battery life of your phone. You need to monitor the battery usage of your phone to identify such apps and get rid of them. Go to Settings > Battery > Power Usage to monitor the apps’ power usage. You can also install a third-party assistant to keep an eye on such kind of app behaviour.

Switch to Lite apps or web-based interface

A lot of applications have a slimmed-down version of their apps on the Play Store like Facebook Lite, Messenger Lite, and more. Other apps offer a lite experience via a web-browser like Ola Cabs. Companies do this to help people with underpowered phones access their services. However, you can use these web-based interfaces or the lite versions to save your battery life.

===============================================================================

Coronavirus tracking app Aarogya Setu becomes open source to address privacy concerns

 

 

The government on Tuesday announced opening the source code of its coronavirus tracking app, Aarogya Setu, for scrutiny by the developer community to address privacy concerns and launching a bug bounty programme for finding security flaws.

NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant asserted that no other government in the world has been open source at this scale.The government has opened the source code to address concerns around privacy of data being collected by the contact tracing app.

"Transparency, privacy and security have been the core design principle of Aarogya Setu. Opening the source code to developer community signifies Government of India continuing principal to these commitments. No other government anywhere in the world has been open source at this scale," Kant said.

Meity Secretary Ajay Prakash Sawhney said that nothing that is done by human being can be perfect by definition but several developers volunteered for the app and made it close to a perfect product. He said the e-commerce and other companies are using this app as a precaution and get alerted about exposure to coronavirus.

 

National Informatics Centre Director General Neeta Verma said that there will be four categories of rewards for people who find a bug in the app and come up with a suggestion to improve the programming of the app.

"There are three categories of securities vulnerability for which Rs 1 lakh be given in each of the categories. Then there is Rs 1 lakh prize for code improvement bounty," Verma said.

The app was launched on April 2 and has around 11.5 crore users at present.

"The source code of Aarogya Setu will be available at Github after 12 am-midnight," Verma said.

Advocacy groups have alleged that the government is using Aarogya Setu for mass surveillance especially in the absence of any legislation around privacy. A cybersecurity expert also made similar allegations that there are loopholes in the app.

Following allegations and concern, the government on May 11 issued a set of guidelines for data processing of Aarogya Setu app users and added a few clauses that may lead to imprisonment of persons found guilty of violating certain norms.

The new rules prohibit the storage of data beyond 180 days and enable individuals to seek deletion of their data from the government's Aarogya Setu related record within 30 days of raising the request.

The new norms allow the collection of only demographic, contact, self-assessment and location data of persons infected by the coronavirus or those who come in contact with the infected person.

==================================================================================