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Notice Board

ICSK MOURNS THE UNTIMELY DEMISE OF Mrs. Meena Gaur

 THE UNTIMELY DEMISE OF Mrs. Meena Gaur,

Faculty member , Commerce Department, ICSK

IFL Kuwait job news

The Management, Staff and students of the ICSK, Kuwait deeply mourn the sad demise of our beloved teacher, Mrs. Meena Gaur, who after battling with prolonged illness, left us on 13 October 2018. She had been a part of the ICSK family since 2013.

As a diligent and hard-working teacher, she handled the forenoon, afternoon and NIOS Sessions at ICSK (Senior). She taught Accounts, Business Studies and Entrepreneurship. She was an epitome of sincerity and dedication. She left her imprints on the students. Not only did she give bookish knowledge, she made her students aware of the ways of life. As a colleague, she was a helping hand to anyone who asked for her assistance. Her way of saying ‘The show must go on’ has enthused the students as well as teaching and non-teaching staff.

She ardently participated in the school cultural events. Her precision was exemplary in the way she exhibited the smooth functioning as a member of the Trophy Committee in the School Paradigm Programme in 2015. Under her leadership as the Cultural Programme Coordinator of the School Carnival in 2016, the School Carnival was conducted slickly.

We offer our heartfelt condolences to Mr. Vipul, her husband and Master Yash, her son, a class 7 student of Don Bosco School. We stand with the bereaved family members. May her soul Rest in Peace.  

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Reconsidering debtors from presenting invoices for loans

 

Central Bank of Kuwait (CBK) is studying a proposal to reorganize procedures for securing loans to exempt debtors from presenting invoices to prove the purpose for which the loans were taken, local daily Arab Times reported citing Al-Rai Arabic newspaper.

According to report, sources pointed at two scenarios; the first suggests exempting debtors who receive loans up to KD 7,500 from presenting bills, and the second scenario includes those taking up to KD 5,000.

Report added that the decision that obliges debtors to provide invoices to prove they truly spent the loan for the same purpose they obtained, needs re-evaluation by the Central Bank of Kuwait and other local banks. Many debtors could not provide the required invoices, not because they violated relevant laws but it was difficult for them to do so, especially those who obtained small loans to purchase more than a single commodity, report added. Cancellation of the decision will put an end to the ‘black market invoice’ menace that is flourishing concurrently with its enforcement, it added.

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Kuwait can be an attractive touristic destination

IFL Kuwait

Assistant Undersecretary for Tourism Affairs at Ministry of Information Yousef Mustafa says the ministry has placed tourism as its top priority because it strongly believes that Kuwait can be an attractive touristic destination not only locally but also in the Gulf level, reports Aljarida daily. He affirmed that this aim enjoys the support and blessing of Minister of Information and State Minister for Youth Affairs Mohammed Al-Jabri and the ministry’s leadership, especially since it coincides with the conclusion of agreements between many countries.

Attracts
Mustafa stressed that Kuwait has all the potential of having an environment that attracts foreign investors, but these elements require a clear action plan to be prepared with the cooperation of the private sector to reflect the beautiful framework sought by investors, citizens and residents.

He explained that he last week met with the Kuwait Hotel Owners Association to discuss many issues relevant to tourism in the country, and the hoteliers affirmed their full support for any plan or program aimed at revitalizing tourism.

Mustafa indicated the possibility of organizing national celebrations in some first-class hotels with big halls that are capable of holding such celebrations with the aim of attracting tourists especially those from the GCC countries, adding, “This is because the GCC market is our first target”.  

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MEW collects KD 160m dues until Sept – KD 320m collection eyed

Ministry of Electricity and Water 

Acting Assistant Undersecretary for Consumer Affairs in the Ministry of Electricity and Water Dr Masha’an Al-Otaibi has announced that the Consumer Affairs Sector collected dues amounting to KD 160 million from the beginning of the current fiscal year until September compared to KD 220 million within the same period last fiscal year, reports Al-Qabas daily.

Speaking to the daily, Al-Otaibi pointed out the breakthrough in the process of collecting dues this year. He revealed the amount which the sector expects to collect by the end of the current fiscal year is KD 320 million – 40 percent higher than last year. He affirmed the sector is currently simplifying procedures to ensure quick processing of transactions and prevent the accumulation of consumers’ debts.  

 

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Domestic helpers’ department moved from the interior ministry to the manpower authority

Minister of Social Affairs and Labor Hind Al-Sabeeh said that transferring the domestic helpers’ department from the interior ministry to the manpower authority will improve combating abuses against maids. In a response to a parliamentary question, the minister said the decision allows placing all forms of workers under the authority, which has sufficient means to defend them. She said the authority has inspectors who have the right to inspect maid recruitment offices and other violations.-K.T.

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Out of five Egyptians interrogated , 3 held in murder of Egyptian worker

The Hawalli police have interrogated five people in connection with the murder of an Egyptian, identified only as Abdu, who was working for a contracting company.Two of the five have since been released on bail while the other three are still being held by the security authorities for further interrogations.Police suspects one who shared the room with the victim as the prime suspect.

The main suspect and two of his friends might have thrown the victim to his death from the fifth floor following a quarrel , a charge denied by the trio. It is learnt the victim’s lifeless body was found on the floor of the building compound three hours after the quarrel.It has been reported seven other men of the same nationality lived in the apartment which was rented by the employer company. The source said the security authorities have ruled out suicide.-A.T.

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Demand to ban sale of pen shaped knives in stationery shops

The guardians of a number of students cautioned about the availability of a knife in the form of a pen in several stationery shops in Kuwait. They urged Consumer Protection Sector, Ministry of Education and Ministry of Interior to prevent its sale especially since it is easy to carry and difficult to detect. However, sources said Ministry of Interior did not receive any report in this regard, but it intends to conduct extensive investigation in stationery shops to verify the sale of such penshaped knives, and coordinate with the concerned authorities to ban its sale.-A.T.

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Major mission to sequence genes of Indians planned

A group of Indian scientists and companies are involved with a 100k GenomeAsia project, led out of the National Technological University (NTU), Singapore, to sequence the whole genomes of 100k Asians, including 50,000 Indians.
India is planning a major mission to sequence the genes of a “large” group of Indians — akin to projects in the United Kingdom, China, Japan and Australia — and use this to improve health as well as buck a global trend of designing ‘personalised medicine.’

This was among the key decisions taken at the 1st Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (STIAC) in its first meeting on Tuesday.

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Department of Biotechnology would be closely associated with the project.

Ever since the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research in 2009 announced that it had sequenced the genome of an Indian, then making India one of six countries to achieve such a feat, several research labs have analysed genes from Indians for disease susceptibility. However, no compendium of genes that differentiate Indian populations from, say Caucasian or African genomes exist.

A group of Indian scientists and companies are involved with a 100k GenomeAsia project, led out of the Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore, to sequence the whole genomes of 100k Asians, including 50,000 Indians.

“Our lifestyle, our environment and the genes we inherit all combine to make us what we are. The diversity of Indians and of our environment requires a large-scale study of human genomes, of our lifestyle in health and disease and the use of healthy — and disease — samples to understand the impact on health,” said a press statement from the STIAC.

Principal Scientific Adviser and Chair of the Council, K. Vijay Raghavan, said the genome initiative will have to move at two different levels.

“Sequencing genomes and linking to human health and disease as a research initiative, and doing this on a much larger scale, so it has a direct impact on public health. As the first level starts, the second will be put in place, speedily.”

The Council acts as a coordinator between several ministries to work on projects and missions and is scheduled to meet once a month, he added.

Key programmes, such as a Deep Ocean Mission, to facilitate ocean science and technologies to help with India’s strategic interests and an Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Computing missions were also discussed.

Other participants at the meeting were the secretaries of the science and health ministries as well as Dr. V.K. Saraswat, former DG, DRDO; Dr. A.S. Kiran Kumar, former Chairman, ISRO; Prof. Ajay Kumar Sood, Professor, IISC, Bengaluru.

Maj. Gen. Madhuri Kanitkar, Dean, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune; Prof. Sanghamitra Bandopadhyay, Director, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata; Manjul Bharghava, Professor, Princeton University, Subhash Kak, Professor, Oklahoma State University and Baba Kalyani, MD, Bharat Forge.

WhatsApp bug let hackers hijack accounts with a video call

A bug in Facebook's WhatsApp messaging service allowed hackers to take over users' applications when they answered an incoming video call, technology websites ZDnet and The Register reported on Wednesday.

The vulnerability, which affected WhatsApp applications on Apple and Android smartphones, was discovered in late August and was fixed by Facebook in early October, according to a technical disclosure report posted online.

Facebook did not respond to requests for immediate comment. It is unclear whether the bug was ever used in an attack before it was fixed.

“This is a big deal,” Travis Ormandy, a researcher at Google Project Zero which discovered the bug, said on Twitter. “Just answering a call from an attacker could completely compromise WhatsApp.”

Facebook has suffered a string of security-related problems in the last year. The company last week disclosed its worst-ever security breach affecting nearly 50 million accounts.

IIT Guwahati fabricates superior scaffold for cartilage repair

The silk scaffold has seamless junction between the cartilage and bone portions
Implanting cartilage alone or injecting cells found in healthy cartilage (chondrocytes) at the site of injury to heal the damaged cartilage in patients with osteoarthritis does not produce favourable results. Similarly, implanting two different scaffolds joined together to simultaneously regenerate the cartilage and reconstruct the bone too has many limitations.

The problem arises because the interface between the cartilage and bone scaffolds, which are made of different materials, is not connected but has a distinct boundary. As a result, the interface tends to delaminate and degrade. Now, researchers from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati have addressed this shortcoming by fabricating a silk scaffold where the junction between the cartilage and bone scaffold is continuous and seamless and hence less prone to damage under load-bearing environment of the joint.

A team led by Biman B. Mandal from the Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering has fabricated the biphasic scaffold where the top portion is highly porous and spongy thus mimicking the cartilage, while the bottom portion is reinforced with silk fibre thus imparting more stiffness and less porous to mimic the bone. Since the entire scaffold is made of silk, the interface merges with one another and is seamless despite having different porosities and stiffness. The results of the study were published in the Journal of Materials Chemistry B.

The researchers made scaffolds using both wild silkworm (Antheraea assamensis) and mulberry silk (Bombyx mori) and found scaffolds made of non-mulberry silk were superior to the one made of mulberry silk in all respects.

“To make the biphasic scaffold we prepared silk solution by completely dissolving the silk. We then added chopped silk fibres to the solution so the bottom half portion of the scaffold becomes fibre-reinforced silk composite while the rest of the top portion had only the silk solution,” says Prof. Mandal. The solution is processed by reducing the temperature to –20 degree C and then vacuum dried to remove water. The top portion of the scaffold is highly porous and soft like a sponge whereas the bottom portion is less porous and strong. The biphasic scaffold was treated with alcohol to make it water-insoluble.

The porosity is intended for neighbouring cells to migrate, infiltrate and regenerate in the scaffold, and support better nutrient exchange. The less porous silk-reinforced scaffold portion allows bone cells to optimally grow. Owing to the RGD sequence in the non-mulberry silk, more cells tend to migrate to the scaffold and proliferate.

Seeding stem cells
“It is also possible to take a patient’s bone marrow stem cells and seed them on the scaffold. The stem cells will differentiate to become mature cartilage-like and bone-like cells. Our scaffold is amenable to stem cell seeding and differentiation protocols,” Prof. Mandal says.

Validation of the scaffold that was seeded with cartilage and bone cells was first done through in vitro studies. “We saw elevated levels of cell proliferation, extra-cellular matrix deposition and higher tissue-specific gene expression within the construct. These proved that the construct was compatible and good,” says Yogendra Pratap Singh from IIT Guwahati and first author of the paper. “The cartilage cells prefer a softer matrix compared to bone cells and our construct was suitable for both types of cells to proliferate.”

The compatibility and ability of the scaffold to regenerate cartilage and bone was then tested in rabbits. The scaffolds were studied eight weeks after implantation. “The fibre-reinforced scaffold allowed more bone formation, while regeneration and complete repair of the cartilage was seen,” says Singh, who currently is a Newton-Bhabha Fellow at the University of Sheffield. “We found the non-mulberry silk scaffold outperformed the mulberry silk one.”

The researchers found the non-mulberry silk scaffold had 1.5 and 0.5 times more bone and cartilage cells respectively attached than in the mulberry silk scaffold. Gene expression was nearly double in the non-mulberry silk scaffold than in the mulberry silk scaffold. Also, the extra-cellular matrix in both the cartilage and bone portion of the scaffold increased six-fold in 14 days.

The fibre-reinforced scaffold mimicking the bone was 10 times stronger than the sponge-like portion. Greater compressive and tensile strength of fibre-reinforced scaffold are desirable.

The researchers are planning to test the scaffold on larger animals, preferably pigs.

 

 

Century-old idols stolen from Madurai temple

The police said the culprits had not laid their hands on the temple hundi.
Four antiquities were stolen from Chitraradha Vallabha Perumal temple in Kuruvithurai near Madurai on Saturday night.

The panchaloha idols, said to be around 100 years old, were burgled on Saturday midnight, Madurai district Superintendent of Police N. Manivannan said.

The unidentified persons stole the idols of Lord Vallabha Perumal, Goddess Sridevi, Goddess Boomadevi and Lord Srinivasagar from the temple located along the Vaigai river near Sholavandan.

The police said the culprits had not laid their hands on the temple hundi.

Three aged security men were sleeping outside the temple when the culprits broken the temple around 12:30 a.m. The crime came to light when the temple was opened on Sunday morning.

The temple CCTV footage showed two masked men entering the temple.

The police deployed a sniffer dog and forensic experts lifted fingerprints from the scene of crime.

The Kadupatti police have registered a case.

Ashok Chakra for Odisha Police’s SOG officer

Assistant Commandant Pramod Kumar Satpathy laid down his life on February 16, 2008 during a firefight between the security forces and the Maoists
An Assistant Commandant of the Odisha Police’s Special Operations Group (SOG) has been conferred with the Ashok Chakra posthumously for sacrificing his life while fighting the Naxals, Home Ministry officials said on Sunday.

Assistant Commandant Pramod Kumar Satpathy laid down his life on February 16, 2008 during a firefight between the security forces and the Maoists in the Gosama jungle of Ganjam district and adjoining areas of Phulbani district.

Keeping in view his heroism and bravery, Satpathy was awarded with the gallantry medal Ashok Chakra posthumously, a Home Ministry official said.

On February 15, 2008, at about 10.30 p.m., more than 500 heavily armed Naxals carried out simultaneous and multi-pronged attacks on the police training school (PTS) armouries located in Nayagarh police station, two other police stations and one out post of Nayagarh and one police station and one out post in Ganjam, the officials said.

Naxalite cadres — many of them from Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand — participated in the operation in which more than 1,200 weapons of various categories, including sophisticated ones, were looted and 14 police personnel and one civilian lost their lives, the official said.

After carrying out the operations, the militants retreated to the outlying jungle area of Ganjam and Phulbani districts in hijacked buses and other vehicles along with their arms and ammunition.

Immediately after, Satpathy and other SOG members rushed to Nayagarh on motor cycles. Assistant Commandant Satpathy quickly made a plan and with available forces, including the SOG, the Orissa Special Armed Police, the CRPF surrounded the area where the Naxals were hiding.

Subsequently, the team led by Satpathy mounted an assault. However, the naxalites took advantage of their numerical strength and unleashed heavy fire, another official said.

In the encounter, the SOG team had to retreat and in the ensuing operation Satpathy lost his life.

The Ashok Chakra is the country’s military award for valour, courage action and self-sacrifice. It is first in order of precedence of peacetime gallantry awards.

 

Chance of sporadic rain showers: KMC

Kuwait’s Meteorological Center (KMC) said today that there might be a chance of sporadic rain showers during the upcoming hours. In a press statement to KUNA, KMC’s weather forecaster Abdul Aziz Al-Qarawi predicted that the country has a chance to witness rainfalls, as low and medium clouds, which are accompanied by cumulus clouds may be thunderous on some areas with wind activities predicted to increase to 50 kilometers per hour.

MP wants mixed gyms closed within 2 weeks

Most likely prompted by video clips of male personal trainers working with female gym-goers that went viral on various social networking platforms, MP Mohammed Al-Mutair, through his Twitter account, urged Minister of Commerce and Industry Khaled Al-Roudhan to ban mixed gyms like those found in hotels and resorts within the next two weeks “or else your removal will become a social and moral obligation”.

Recruitment of non skilled expats jobs must be ended

With the final touches being made by the Parliament’s Replacement and Employment Crisis Committee to its draft report on implementation of the government’s Kuwaitization policy to ensure employment for Kuwaiti citizens, the private sector’s participation in solving the unemployment crisis and implementing the Kuwaitization policy has become the highlight of the issue, reports Al-Rai daily.

Chairperson of the committee MP Khalil Al-Saleh revealed about a meeting that will be held next week to look into the draft report before voting on it, and then referring it to the Parliament before the start of the new legislative term.

He highlighted the importance of the private sector’s participation in solving the unemployment crisis in parallel with the passing of laws that will achieve job stability for Kuwaiti employees of the private sector, ensure career growth and change the government’s system of employment.

The lawmaker indicated that it is evident the government prefers expatriates at the expense of citizens in the public sector, especially for non-technical work, due to which “immediate solution for the demographic imbalance problem must be found because it is the main factor behind the employment disarray that is being experienced in this country.”

He said, “We are recommending the employment of Kuwaiti consultants and completely rejecting the appointment of expatriates due to the fact that, it is apparent that decisions are being tailored in a manner that does not serve the citizens, in addition to violations of dismissing expatriates such that they work in non-technical jobs for which their contracts are extended beyond the legal retirement age.”

Al-Saleh went on to say, “Part of the general recommendation is that the government bodies should be obliged to implement the Kuwaitization policy immediately, especially with the increase in the number of citizens looking for job opportunities.

Recruitment of expatriates for jobs for which their expertise is not needed must be ended. The clauses related to recruitment through gratification and service engagement must be scrutinized.” He explained that the final report on this matter is based on two plans.

The first one is a short-term plan that focuses on reducing the number of expatriates in the public sector, especially those working in the non-technical jobs, halting the recruitment of expatriates, and recruiting recently-graduated citizens within three months of their graduation. The second plan is a long-term (fiveyear) plan that requires coordination among various relevant bodies. Its objective is to increase the percentage of citizens working in the private sector.

By Ahmed Al-Naqeeb Arab Times Staff

Let’s Get a Grip on Arthritis

October 12 is World Arthritis Day "Let’s Get a Grip on  Arthritis"

                                                                     -N.Hari Lakshmanan 

This World Arthritis Day theme -"Let’s Get a Grip on  Arthritis" so the disease can be eradicated once and for all. Aims to remind both physicians and patients of the benefits of regular exercise in the management of arthritis. We need to raise awareness and the funds needed so that people with arthritis can one day have a cure.

Why we need to have Knowledge about Arthritis? IFL Kuwait

If current trends pursue, India is likely to emerge as the capital of Osteoarthritis by 2025 with more than 60 million affected. The most common arthritis in India is age-related degenerative arthritis which involves degeneration (wear and tear) of cartilage, and can affect any joint such as the knee.

 In India, arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight. The reasons for early onset of the disease in females include obesity and poor nutrition.About 90% of Indian women aredare deficient in vitamin D which is a critical component in controlling bone metabolism. 

USA, with a population of 30 crores, sees 7 lakh knee replacement surgeries every year, but for India, this figure is only 150,000. While this is a huge jump from a mere 350 knee surgeries that were performed in India in 1994.

More than 15 crore Indians suffer from knee problems, out of which 4 crore need total knee replacement, imposing a huge health burden on the society and country. In contrast, in China, about 6.5 crore people suffer from knee problems, which is less than half the number in India. This is because of the genetic predisposition of Indians towards knee arthritis, and a lifestyle that results in overuse of the knee joints.

What Is Arthritis? IFL Kuwait

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints.

Arthritis is very common but is not well understood. Actually, “arthritis” is not a single disease; it is an informal way of referring to joint pain or joint disease. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis and related conditions. People of all ages, sexes and races can and do have arthritis.

Causes

With many forms of, the cause is unknown. But some things can raise your chances of getting it.

Age:As you get older, your joints tend to get worn down.

Gender: Most types of arthritis are more common among women.

Genes: Conditions are linked to certain genes.

Excess: Carrying extra pounds makes start sooner and get worse faster.

Injuries: They can cause that can bring on some types of the condition.

Infection: Bacteria, viruses, or fungi can infect joints and trigger .

Work: If you go hard on your at work -- knee bends and squats -- you might be more likely to get .

Types of Arthritis

There are more than 100 different forms of arthritis and related diseases. The most common types include osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), fibromyalgia and gout. All of them cause pain in different ways.

Osteoarthritis IFL Kuwait

Osteoarthritis happens when the protective cartilage on the ends of the bones break down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the  joint.In time, bones of the joint may rub directly against one another, causing severe pain. Pain can also come from parts of your joint other than the cartilage, such as bone, synovium and ligaments.

Rheumatoid Arthritis(RA) IFL Kuwait

In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the joints and other organs are attacked by the body’s own immune system. The immune system normally protects a person from viruses, bacteria and other invaders.

 In people with autoimmune diseases like RA, it becomes overactive and attacks healthy tissue.Over time, the persistent inflammation breaks down the joint and damages it permanently.

Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects the hands, feet and wrists.

Fibromyalgia IFL Kuwait

Fibromyalgia is considered a central pain syndrome. This means that the brain and spinal cord process pain signals differently. A touch or movement that doesn’t cause pain for others may feel painful to you (this is called allodynia

Gout IFL Kuwait

Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis, uric acid crystals are the problem.Excess uric acid can form crystals in your joints. This results in extremely painful joint inflammation. Gout usually strikes in the large joint of the big toe, but can also affect other joints.

Lupus

Lupus is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that affects many parts of the body, including the joints, kidneys, skin, blood, brain and other organs. It can cause joint pain, fatigue, hair loss, sensitivity to light, fever, rash and kidney problems.

Back Pain

Back pain can be a symptom of several forms of arthritis and related conditions, including ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and fibromyalgia.

Other Musculoskeletal Pain

Soft-tissue rheumatic conditions can also cause pain. In these conditions, muscles, connective tissues such as tendons and ligaments, and bursae become inflamed and painful.

Diagnosis

During the physical exam, your doctor will check your joints for swelling, redness and warmth. He or she will also want to see how well you can move your joints. Depending on the type of arthritis suspected, your doctor may suggest some of the following tests.

Laboratory tests

The analysis of different types of body fluids can help pinpoint the type of arthritis you may have. Fluids commonly analyzed include blood, urine and joint fluid. To obtain a sample of your joint fluid, your doctor will cleanse and numb the area before inserting a needle in your joint space to withdraw some fluid (aspiration)

Antinuclear antibody (ANA) IFL Kuwait Commonly found in the blood of people who have lupus, ANAs (abnormal antibodies directed against the cells’ nuclei) can also suggest the presence of polymyositis, scleroderma, Sjogren’s syndrome, mixed connective tissue disease or rheumatoid arthritis. Tests to detect specific subsets of these antibodies can be used to confirm the diagnosis of a particular disease or form of arthritis.

Rheumatoid factor (RF) – Designed to detect and measure the level of an antibody that acts against the blood component gamma globulin, this test is often positive in people with rheumatoid arthritis.

Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) -- Also called anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), this test (like the test for rheumatoid factor) looks for the presence of a particular autoantibody that is present in approximately 60-80 percent of people with Rheumatoid Arthritis(RA).

Uric acid – By measuring the letvel of uric acid in the blood, this test helps doctors diagnose gout.

HLA tissue typing – This test, which detects the presence of certain genetic markers in the blood.

 Erythrocyte sedimentation rate – Also called ESR or “sedrate,The higher the sed rate, the greater the amountdamount of inflammation.

C-reactive protein – This test, also called CRP, is another blood test that measures body-wide inflammation.

Lyme serology – This test detects an immune response to the infectious agent that causes Lyme disease

Muscle biopsy – By going a little deeper into the tissue than with the skin biopsy, the surgeon can take a sample of muscle to be examined for signs of damage to the muscle fibers. Findings can confirm a diagnosis of polymyositis or vasculitis.

Point fluid tests-An examination of the fluid may reveal uric acid crystals, confirming a diagnosis of gout;

Imaging

These types of tests can detect problems within your joint that may be causing your symptoms. Examples include:

X-rays: Using low levels of radiation to visualize bone, X-rays can show cartilage loss, bone damage and bone spurs. X-rays may not reveal early arthritic damage, but they are often used to track progression of the disease.

Computerized tomography (CT): CT scanners take X-rays from many different angles and combine the information to create cross-sectional views of internal structures. CTs can visualize both bone and the surrounding soft tissues.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI):  Combining radio waves with a strong magnetic field, MRI can produce more-detailed cross-sectional images of soft tissues such as cartilage, tendons and ligaments.

Ultrasound: This technology uses high-frequency sound waves to image soft tissues, cartilage and fluid-containing structures such as bursae. Ultrasound also is used to guide needle placement for joint aspirations and injections.

Treatment

Many people think arthritis can’t be treated, but there are a range of effective non-operative treatments that can help relieve symptoms.These include taking anti-inflammatory medication or, in cases of arthritis in the hand, using a splint to support the thumb or wrist.

Doctors advise trying non-surgical treatments first, which can help stabilize and control symptoms of arthritis over the long term. If these don’t work, surgical treatments such as joint replacements can help relieve pain, increase motion and improve joint junction. If you already have arthritis, exercise can help maintain supple joints and manage symptoms.

The main challenges in treating joint disorders and joint replacements are the financial incapacity of patients and very low awareness among the people about health insurance.

How to Prevent Arthritis

The fact is, there is no sure way to prevent arthritis. But you can help to prevent, that is, reduce your risk, and delay the potential onset of certain types of arthritis. If you have healthy joints right now, do all you can now to maintain mobility and function and avoid the pain and disability associated with arthritis.

Here are just a few examples arthritis and related diseases and associated modifiable risk factors:

Osteoarthritis – Maintain a healthy weight

Rheumatoid arthritis – Do not smoke

Gout – Eat a healthful diet, low in sugar, alcohol and purines.

Avoiding sports injuries through proper equipment, adequate training and safe play can prevent ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) tears that may lead to osteoarthritis in a few years or several decades later.

On World Arthritis Day, the idea is to offer help to everyone who is suffering from the condition. Spread awareness about how people suffering from arthritis can deal with their condition and prevent it from getting worse.

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India elected to Human Rights Council at UN with highest number of votes

The largest democracy in the world, India, has won a seat at Human Rights Council at United Nations (UN) with the highest votes among all candidates.

India was elected with the highest number of votes by the General Assembly to the influential Human Rights Council on Friday with a pledge to combat intolerance.

India received 188 votes, the highest polled by any of the 18 countries elected in the voting.

This is the fifth time India has been elected to the Geneva-based Council, the main body of the UN charged with promoting and monitoring human rights.

India's presence on the Council will be important because the previous UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Raad Al Hussein asked the body to facilitate an international commission of enquiry into allegations of human rights violation in Kashmir.

His successor Michelle Bachelet and Secretary-General Antonio Guterres have backed Zeid's recommendation, which Pakistan -- a member of the Council -- is campaigning for.

So far, no other country has backed Zeid's call for the investigation.

Bangladesh, which is at the frontlines of dealing with the Rohingya crisis, was also elected with 178 votes to the Council to fill one of the five vacancies for three year terms from the Asia-Pacific region.

The regional group endorsed five countries, which matched the number of seats open for election this year, and they were the only countries on the ballot. The other regional candidates were Bahrain, Fiji and the Philippines.

Thirteen other countries representing the other four regions were also elected to the Council.

INDIA AND THE COUNCIL

In January India will join China and Nepal, besides Pakistan, which were elected to the 47-member Council in previous years to serve three-year terms.

When it nominated itself for the Council, India showcased its position as "the world's largest democracy (and) India's secular polity."

It pledged that it will continue to support international efforts to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.

In the nomination pledge, India also presented a broader approach to human rights, emphasising climate justice, health and poverty alleviation.

India was among the first batch of 47 countries elected to the Council in 2006 soon after it was set up and received an initial one-year term instead of three to facilitate a rotating roster of vacancies each year.

Permanent representative to the United Nations Syed Akbaruddin tweeted that India won the seat with the highest number of votes among all candidates.

It was again elected in 2007, 2011 and 2014 to three-year-terms.

Countries can be elected for only two consecutive terms and India took a year's break when its term ended in 2017.

ELECTIONS

Elections were held by secret ballot in the 193-member General Assembly on Friday, although the number of candidates for all the five regions matched the vacancies making it a formality.

On the 47-member Council the seats are allocated based on "equitable regional distribution" giving the Asia-Pacific region a total of 13 seats, with some coming up for election every year.

The African region also has 13 seats, while East European region has six, West European and others seven, and Latin American and Caribbean eight.

LOST LAND OF OPPORTUNITY

The United States withdrew from the Council earlier this year after its Permanent Representative Nikki Haley questioned its legitimacy because of the presence of several dictatorial regimes violating human rights on it.

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CBSE relaxes Class 10 passing criteria

In a relief to Class 10 students, the Central Board of Secondary Education has extended the passing criteria. “To give relaxation to students, the board has decided to ease the passing criteria for Class 10 students from 2019,” said CBSE chairman Anita Karwal. From next year, the students need to get a minimum of 33 per cent marks in theory and practical combined to declare pass in the subject.

“It has now been decided to extend the same passing criteria henceforth for the students of secondary classes i.e. candidates apprearing for Class 10 examination 2019 onwards will have to secure 33 per cent (both taken together) in the subjects to be eligible to pass the subject,” mentioned the official release.  Earlier, CBSE had announced that students do not have to pass separately in theory as well as practical exams.

“All candidates who had appeared in the exam as per the scheme of studies were exempted from separate pass criteria in internal assessment and board examination. The result was computed in each subject taking into account combined marks obtained in internal assessment and board exam and those who secured 33 per cent marks was declared pass in that subject,” read the official release. “In case of a candidate being absent in practical or intefnal assessment, the marks were treated as zero and result was computed accordingly.”

For the year 2019, the board will conduct the Class 10 and 12 examinations from February and has released a list of vocational subjects that will be conducted during that period. As per the official notification, the board mentioned that it is following the Delhi High Court order that directs Delhi University and CBSE to ensure from the commencing academic year, the result of CBSE, including re-evaluation, is taken into account while determining the cut-off date for admission to colleges of the University of Delhi.

Apart from the 40 different vocational subjects, the board will conduct exams for Typography and Computer Applications (English), Web applications, Graphics, Office Communication, etc in February as these subjects have larger practical component, and shorter theory papers.

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Mental Health patients files in the center has reached 60,000

Head of Kuwait Center for Mental Health Dr Nayef Al-Harbi revealed that the number of patients’ files in the center has reached almost 60,000, and this includes about 35,000 active files.In a press statement issued on the sidelines of celebration of World Day for Mental Health, Dr Al-Harbi affirmed that the center depends 100 percent on the esystem both in the outpatient and casualty units.

To add to this, Consultant of Pediatrics and Child Psychology at Ministry of Health Dr Bibi Al-Omairi declared that the center receives more than 87,000 visitors in one year. She said 87,122 patients visited the center during the period from October 2017 to October 2018, which included 66,855 Kuwaitis and 20,267 non-Kuwaitis.-A.T.

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Plan to conduct sudden inspections in private schools

General Department for Private Education at Ministry of Education is planning to form an educational committee to conduct sudden inspections in private schools and take legal actions against the violating schools.The committee members include employees from various departments headed by the Legal Affairs Department. The main task of the committee is to conduct field visits to all the private schools.

The committee will be entitled to conduct sudden inspections at any time. The tasks of the committee aim to follow up the observations detected and monitored by the department in the previous phase in some schools and led those schools to be referred to the Legal Affairs Department for investigations and issuance of adequate penalties.Many schools are committed to following the ministry’s procedures in matters related to service, fees and nature of the school building.Nearly 85 percent of the schools have recently covered their assembly yards with high-quality shades.-A.T.

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