Shifa Al Jazeera Medical Center to hold cervical cancer campaign

Shifa Al Jazeera Medical Center to hold cervical cancer campaign
KUWAIT: Shifa Al-Jazeera Medical Group, the leading conglomerate among premium healthcare providers in GCC in the path of expansion with the newfangled innovative systems, technologies and equipments along with a dedicated team of medical and paramedical staffs, has announced an outstanding healthy offer as their dedicated New Year Gift to the society “Cervical Cancer Prevention Awareness Campaign” providing Cervical Cancer Vaccine- “CERVARIX” at a discounted rate from 12/01/2013 till 24/01/2013 – a 12-day campaign targeting the improvement of women’s health and saving lives through Cervical Cancer prevention programs which mean the ultimate goal of caring and assuring their responsibility towards the society as a part of accomplishing their vision and mission of reaching new heights in the medical world. Apart from usual health campaigns held in the foregoing periods which was a form of socio awareness activity, this time it is against Cervical Cancer by which we lose a woman in every hour in Middle East.
Vaccination is preferred for girls and women from 10-55 years of age based on physician’s recommendation. It could be identified only with regular screening and vaccination. When we come to know that possibility is 50% for cervical cancer in a normal situation and that every woman is at a risk of cervical cancer throughout life, makes us realize the importance of vaccination and screening as a preventive procedure. Dr Rekha Thomas, one of the well known Gynaecologist &Obstetric Specialist in Kuwait and a part of Shifa Al Jazeera Medical Center says that the cervical cancer is a form of cancer effecting Cervix (the lower part of uterus also known as ‘neck’ of womb) which is having two parts, endocervix and ectocervix / exocervix, and functioning as a connecting agent of uterus to the vagina and makes mucus which facilitates sperm entry. Also during pregnancy it serves to keep infection outside the uterus, protecting the fetus , helping to keep the baby inside the uterus. During child birth it opens to allow the baby pass through the vagina.
The endocervix or the endocervical canal is lined by glandular cells and the exocervix is lined by squamous cells.The junction where the two cell types cells meet is called the Transformation Zone (TZ) where the two types of cervical cancers, Squamous cell Carcinoma (in the surface lining of the cervix) and Adenocarcinoma (from the glandular cells / columnar cells lining the endocervical canal) begins which is the second most common type of cancer deaths in women, worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer in women after breast and lung cancer. Malignancy or Cancer – normal cells of the body start to divide uncontrollably and form a tumor- of the cervix begins in the cells of the surface of the cervix and then invade deeply into the cervix-she added. Dr. Revathi – a reputed name in Gynaecology / Obstetrics & Infertility, working with Shifa Al Jazeera Medical Centre mentioned that the cause of cervical cancer is infection by the Human Papilloma Virus HPV, a group of more than hundred related viruses by which most adults have been infected in their lives and most infection clearup on their own. She also explained about HPV types which cause warts on skin, genital (HPV 6 and 11of Low risk types), anus, mouth & throat and are rarely linked to cancer.
Major cases of cervical cancers are caused by infections with oncogenic or high risk types of HPV that is 16 & 18 because of risky sexual practices like having sex at an early age or having multiple sex partners, weakened immune system, poor socio economic status, smoking. She preferred screening test / Pap smear test (an outpatient procedure in which cells are scraped from the cervix and looked at under a microscope) and HPV vaccine before becoming sexually active as protective factors because most of the time, early cancer has no symptoms and cervical cancer has a long precancerous phase. She pointed out some symptoms like abnormal vaginal bleeding, post contact bleeding, continuous vaginal discharge and increased bleeding at periods about which we have to be cautious.
Cervical cancer, in its precancerous stage which could be detected by a Pap smear is 100% treatable as it can take years for precancerous lesion to change to cancer.After doing a Pap smear, test like colposcopy & cervical biopsy could be advised as necessary. Liquid based Pap cytology tests are nowadays available too.PAP smear is repeated every 3 to 5 years from the age of 21 for sexually active women. It is better to be combined with HPV Testing. Also she explained the Pap smear results which could be reported as Inflammation, ASCUS (Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance), LSIL (Low grade Squamous Intra epithelial Lesion-CIN-1- most common and benign usually resolves spontaneously), HSIL (High Grade Squamous Intra epithelial Lesion- CIN 2 or CIN 3-Moderate or severe dysplasia which can lead to cancer of cervix which could be treated by LEEP-Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure, Cryotherapy, Conisation, Laser Ablation), Squamous cell carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma. Treatments for cervical cancer are surgical removal of uterus, ovary tube and lymph nodes apart from radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
Developed countries which implemented similar programs have experienced dramatically reduced rates of cervical cancer due to well organized screening and treatment programs where as in developing countries in the cases cervical cancer occur, it remains a leading cause of death among women. A recent situation analysis documented that screening women with an accurate test and positive test results managed properly increased the count of cured. Best possible protection against cervical cancer is Vaccination (Cervarix- Women Only Vaccine against HPV 16 & 18 & Gardasil- against HPV 6, 11,16,18) other than Screening. Shifa Al Jazeera Medical Center Management also informed that the detailed brochure of the campaign for the public awareness could be obtained from their Farwaniya Branch located opposite Farwaniya Police Station and all were requested to utilize this opportunity to safeguard their health.
Source: Kuwait Times